Excavation - the dirt that is removed in order to install the footings and foundation.
Footings – the first phase of the foundation process. Usually 8” to 10” thick concrete x 16” to 20” wide. After these are poured in place the foundation is then set and poured on top of the footings.
Foundation – pour in place concrete walls. Common foundations are now 9’ tall for more head room in basements.
Waterproofing – rubberized membrane that is sprayed on the foundation to prevent it from leaking.
Interior and exterior drainage – exterior drainage is usually a 4” corrugated pipe that is perforated and covered with gravel and fabric to allow water that is outside the foundation to travel into the pipe and pass through the footing from smaller pipes which then enter the same 4” corrugated pipe around the interior perimeter of the basement. It then travels around the interior perimeter of the basement into a sump crock which then is pumped outside and away from the foundation.
Backfilling – after the foundation is excavated we use suitable dirt usually found on the same lot to place around the foundation.
Basements – typically 4” of gravel, 6 mil poly, 4” of concrete with 6/6 welded wire mesh, steel towel finish.
Garages – usually structural with lots of re-bar and grade beams to withstand the load of a car due to the fact that the dirt below is not compacted.
Lead walks – the walkway that leads you from your driveway to your front door. Typically 3’ to 4’ wide.
Porches / stoops – the concrete between your front door and your lead walk.
Sidewalks – the concrete that is close to the street and goes from property line to property line. Typically 4’ wide.
Stamped – decorative concrete that can be made in many different colors and patterns to resemble stone, brick, pavers, etc. See examples
Aprons – the concrete between your driveway and the street
Driveways – the concrete starting from the back of your apron to your garage. This concrete is typically 4” thick and is reinforced with welded wire mesh and can be done in many different options.
Pervious Concrete - Pervious concrete pavement is a unique and effective means to address important environmental issues and support green, sustainable growth. By capturing storm-water and allowing it to seep into the ground, porous concrete is instrumental in recharging groundwater, reducing storm-water runoff, and meeting U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) storm-water regulations. See examples
Stained Concrete - Staining concrete is one of the most popular applications for transforming concrete slabs. Often referred to as colored concrete, homeowners, designers and builders are drawn to stained concrete because of the unique outcome that can be achieved combining colors, application techniques, etc., on cement flooring and other substrates. The results are limited only by the creativity of those involved in the stained concrete process. See examples